ContentsShort & Long-term FinancingDifference between a debenture and a loanO. Reg. 610/06: FINANCIAL ACTIVITIESView All Business Technology A convertible promissory note is typically debt that is not secured by the assets of the business—it is usually used for smaller, short-term loans and is expected to convert to equity. For each new debenture issued, outstanding debentures […]

A convertible promissory note is typically debt that is not secured by the assets of the business—it is usually used for smaller, short-term loans and is expected to convert to equity. For each new debenture issued, outstanding debentures of a like amount shall be cancelled so that the municipality’s debenture debt shall in no way be increased by the new debentures. Debentures, when issued, may be disposed of by council, or by the person appointed by council for that purpose, to a person as deemed expedient, at a rate below par if deemed necessary. A debenture is recoverable to its full amount, despite its negotiation by the municipality at a rate less than par value.

The funds borrowed or obligation incurred may be used only for a capital purpose within the jurisdiction of the council, unless otherwise provided in this Act. The City of Toronto has issued its first debenture in 2022 for $300 million to help finance important capital projects. This first debenture issuance has a low all-in cost of 3.37 per cent. Debentures are a type of debt borrowing where a certificate of loan is issued and signed/certified by the mayor and treasurer. The total from time to time of the amounts of payments deferred under subsection 4. At the time the Canadian equivalent rate is established in respect of an advance for the purposes of clause , the Lieutenant Governor in Council may fix a term for the rate and, where a term is so fixed, the rate established shall, notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, remain applicable in respect of the advance during all of that term.

To pay the interest or repay the principal of any outstanding temporary borrowing under section 4 in connection with the debentures. Indicative rates are based on Infrastructure Ontario’s cost of funds plus a charge to cover program delivery costs. Any participating borrower interested in long-term financing may contact Infrastructure Ontario to begin the debenture process. The borrower will then be provided with an offer letter that describes the detailed steps necessary to complete the debenture process. Infrastructure Ontario offers flexible approaches to financing and provides borrowers with the option of serial, amortizing or bullet loans over a variety of different terms.

Short & Long-term Financing

Bonds, debentures, promissory notes or other evidence of indebtedness issued or guaranteed by an institution listed in paragraph 4. The payments referred to in subparagraph i are sufficient to meet the amounts payable under the bond, debenture or other evidence of indebtedness, including the amounts payable at maturity. A statement by the treasurer indicating whether, in his or her opinion, all of the agreements entered during the period of the report are consistent with the City’s statement of policies and goals relating to the use of financial agreements to address commodity pricing and costs.

difference between debenture and loan

If the loan is entirely repaid and an excess remains, the excess shall be paid into the general fund of the municipality. Such annuities shall include the interest and the portion of the capital which is to be annually paid to extinguish the debt at the time agreed upon. The council of a local municipality with a population of 100,000 or more may, by by-law, delegate to the treasurer the exercise of the powers granted under the first, second and fourth paragraphs. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Act, where the payment of any interest referred to in subsection is or has been guaranteed, the Minister acting on behalf of the Crown in right of Newfoundland may and shall be deemed to have had power to incur liability in excess of the statutory amount to the extent of the guarantee of interest.

Difference between a debenture and a loan

The power to guarantee the repayment of any of such loans or bond or debenture issues together with the payment of interest thereon, in the currency of Canadaor of the United States of America. The convertible promissory note is becoming a more frequently-used investment vehicle for startups as funding documents grow more standardized and open-source. MaRS believes it is useful for startups to be able to access open-source convertible promissory note funding documents for use under Ontario law with accredited investors. To that end, MaRS offers these documents for educational purposes, and they are meant to be used together as a set. Together, the documents provide a starting point to save you time and money and to help in the negotiation of terms with investors.

What are the risks of debentures?

The main risk that fixed-rate debentures and unsecured notes holders are exposed to is the opportunity cost that a better rate of return may be available elsewhere if interest rates were to increase. The credit risk is the risk that the investor's interest and/or capital are not repaid by the borrower.

Prior to the adoption of the annual rate bylaw in any year, the taxes in the current year shall be deemed to be 75% of all taxes levied for all purposes in the preceding year. Interest accrued on a debenture at the date of its delivery to the purchaser by the municipality shall be payable by the purchaser to the municipality. The council shall not publish a notice under subsection unless the contents of the bylaw proposed to be adopted have been approved by the inspector. A statement that the council may adopt the bylaw unless, within 30 days of the last newspaper publication of the notice, not less than 1/20 of the electors petition council to submit the bylaw to the electors for assent.

Our loans can be used to finance a broad range of capital expenditures including construction and expansions, energy efficiency projects as well as systems and equipment purchases. All borrowers are subject to a credit review and are required to meet financial soundness criteria before qualifying for a loan. Municipal corporation general revenues will not be used to finance any part of the project.


A Government loan to a municipal corporation must be in accordance with the Provisions of this directive. The MFC has a series of programs that you, as a municipal official, may find interesting and possibly helpful to your municipality. If you would like the MFC to come to one of your council meetings and do a presentation, please feel free to call us. MFC staff will contact you to arrange an appropriate time to present the program that are of interest to you and/or your council. In simplistic terms, it is the “one” interest rate taking into account “all” interest rates and fees (MFC’s Administrative Fee, Issue Costs, and Dealer Commissions) instead of reporting multiple rates. The new CA states that an approved liquidator shall qualify to be appointed as a receiver or receiver and manager of the property of a company.

difference between debenture and loan

The MFC “All-In” calculation is performed after your “net proceeds”, as net proceeds is the starting point. Since the MFC has up to 15 annual interest rates, based on MFC can borrow up to 15-years, it is helpful to show, and simplify, to communicate the results as an interest rate for various loan terms. Other Issue Costs – These costs include any additional work required by the MFC staff/CEO, and the Opinion Letter of the MFC syndicate. The Opinion Letter is a flat fee whereby the syndicate is providing its professional opinion of how the current market conditions were accessed to provide the MFC with the best pricing at that point in time.

If the by-law authorizing the convention orders a loan for the purposes of this section, it shall require only the approval of the Minister of Municipal Affairs, Regions and Land Occupancy. A convention under the first paragraph shall take effect provided it has been ratified by two-thirds of the creditors contemplated in it and the Minister of Municipal Affairs, Regions and Land Occupancy has approved the by-law authorizing it. The moneys intended for the sinking fund under section 47 shall be subject to the provisions of sections 34 to 42.

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A certificate of ownership shall only be endorsed on a debenture on the written authority of the person last entered as its owner, his personal representative or the attorney of either. The authority shall be retained by the treasurer. The treasurer, on application of the owner of the debenture or an interest in it, shall endorse on the debenture a certificate of ownership, and shall enter in the debenture registry book a record of the certificate, of every certificate subsequently given and a memorandum of every transfer of the debenture. This debenture, or an interest in it, is not, after a certificate of ownership has been endorsed on it by the Treasurer of this municipality, transferable except by entry by the Treasurer or his deputy in the debenture registry book of the municipality at the _____ of _____.

Who can issue debentures?

As per Section 71 of the Companies Act, 2013, a company can issue debentures with an option to convert such debentures into shares, either wholly or partly at the time of redemption.

Any payment that the Crown may be required to make under this Act shall be paid by the Minister of Finance out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund of the province. The information contained in this website is provided only as general information and may or may not reflect the most current legal developments; accordingly, information on this website is not promised or guaranteed to be correct or complete. MaRS Discovery District expressly disclaims all liability in respect to difference between debenture and loan actions taken or not taken based on any or all the contents of this website. A new debenture shall not be issued extending the final maturity date by more than 10 years. The duplicate shall be printed in a manner distinguishing it from the original debenture. In a proceeding on a debenture, it is not necessary for the plaintiff to plead or prove how he became its holder, or to plead or prove the notices, bylaws, or other proceedings under which the debenture was issued.

Municipal Bonds

The coupons attached to a debenture shall bear the signatures of the persons signing the debenture. An appeal lies from a decision of the inspector under section 332 or 337 to the Lieutenant Governor in Council who shall hear and determine the matter, and may confirm, rescind or amend the decision of the inspector. The determination on the appeal is conclusive and binding on all parties, including the inspector. The total debt may, with the approval of the inspector, exceed the limits in sections 325 and 326. An agreement under section 18 of the Police Act may be entered into, where the duration of the agreement exceeds 5 years, without the assent of the electors.

  • Some borrowers forgo construction financing and opt to go directly to debenture at a convenient milestone or upon project completion.
  • E-Laws provides access to official copies of Ontario’s statutes and regulations.
  • A statement about the status of the forward rate agreements during the period of the report, including a comparison of the expected and actual results of using the agreements.
  • Retail investors can contact their financial institutions to inquire about investing in the City’s debentures.

A debenture issued for a municipality, payable to bearer, or to a person named in it or bearer, may be transferred by delivery. Transfer by delivery vests the property of the debenture in the holder and enables him to maintain an action on it in his own name. Notwithstanding other provisions of this Act, where the council deems it necessary or advisable to contract a debt for any purpose of a capital nature, not in excess of an amount calculated under this section and repayable within the time required by this section, the council may, by bylaw, without the assent of the electors, contract the debt by borrowing.

To issue a debenture, a company issues a document called a debenture certificate, which is a promise to repay the borrowed sum. The certificate spells out terms such as the amount borrowed, the interest rate and other conditions of the loan. While a debenture is a type of business loan, not all business loans are debentures. For example, a secured loan (i.e., one backed by collateral) isn’t a debenture.

difference between debenture and loan

This conventional bond issue, with a 10-year maturity and a coupon interest rate of 3.25 per cent, will mature on April 20, 2032. It was issued on April 1 and will settle on April 20. Bonds can be used as an alternative to debt borrowing and are typically used to finance new capital projects. Bonds are secured through property taxes or user fees.